Brewer, D. D.,
Garrett, S. B., & Rinaldi, G. (2002). Free listed items are
effective cues for eliciting additional items in semantic domains. Applied
Cognitive Psychology, 16, 343-358.
study tested a
cueing procedure for enhancing recall in semantic domains based on
associative processes inferred from semantic clustering.
Participants first free listed items exhaustively from a semantic
domain (fruits or drugs). Then, to aid recall of additional items
from the domain, participants received either the items they free
listed as semantic cues (to trigger semantically similar items) or
alphabetic cues (to trigger items beginning with a particular
letter). Participants' strong semantic clustering and weak
alphabetic clustering in free listing confirmed previous research on
processes. By several measures, free listed items as semantic
elicited moderately more additional items than alphabetic cues.
cues elicited an appreciable proportion of items that would not have
identified at the aggregate level through free listing alone.
results indicate that using free listed items as semantic cues can be a
useful adjunct for ethnographic applications of free listing.
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